MISMATCH IDENTIFICATION OF LANDUSE PLANNING AND FORMULATION OF LANDUSE PATTERN BASED ON TIDAL SWAMP AGROECOSYSTEMALI IMRON BAMIN, HASBI, KIKI YULIATI AND MUHAMMAD YAZID
The research objectives are to identify the mismatch of Banyuasin spatial plan with the existing landuse, to formulate landuse patterns based on agro ecosystems, and to develop recommendation strategies to to achieve optimally sustainable landuse. The study was conducted in a tidal reclaimed area of Delta II Telang Banyuasin in South Sumatra Province with is approximately 13,800 ha. The choice of location was based on the typological system of tidal area, accessibility and the pattern of landuse change. Research was carried out within two stages, namely: 1) identifying nonconformities between land utilization and spatial planning of Banyuasin regency. 2) Performing agro-ecosystems evaluation on landuse in order to formulate recommendation strategies. The obtained research result indicates that there was incompatibility between existing land utilization and the Regences spatial plan, This has happened since 1989 till 2013. Conditions of land use have undergone many changes over the span of 24 years (1989-2013). Increasing population growth has brought a change in land use pattern. The diminishing on primary and secondary forest is a result of land utilization for paddy fields, settlement and plantation area. The area of rice fields covers an area of 3,709.87 ha in 1989 and in the year 2013 to 5,458.53 ha (increasing of 39.55%). The agro-ecosystem based landuse patterns would be able to support the crops growth and improve land suitability to be level S2.
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