COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF RESOURCE ENDOWMENTS IN DIFFERENT REGIONS OF EASTERN UTTAR PRADESHAbhishek Kalia, Chandra Sen1, Sushee Kumar Singh, Udhav Prasad Singh, Ajay Kumar Tripathi and Snehal Mishra
Farming is defined as the way in which the farm resources are allocated to the needs and priorities of the farmers. Farming system focuses on the agro climatic conditions, economic and institutional circumstances, interdependencies between components under the control of household and, how these components interact with and finally operator of the farming system. In India, more than 49 per cent of the populations are employed in agriculture and allied sectors and farm mechanization is continuously increasing with time. The study has been done to identify the extent of resource endowment and their implications in different farming systems of Eastern Uttar Pradesh. Availability of the major instruments like tractor, cultivator, harrow, thrasher, sprayer and seed drill is more in chiraigaon block as compared to madihaan block this shows that farming is more mechanized in chiraigaon block. Average CDI value shows that chiraigaon block cropping is more diversified than madihaan, difference can also be seen in the cropping pattern. In chiraigaon block cerealvegetable- dairy is the major farming system covering the maximum area where as in Madihaan block cereal- pulses-dairy is the major farming system in terms of area coverage. Due to the availability of proper irrigation resources cropping intensity of chiraigaon farms is more than farms of madihaan block because of that farmers of chiraigaon focus on cash crops like potato, sugarcane and vegetables.
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