REMOVAL OF HEAVY METALS AND AGROCHEMICALS RESIDUES THROUGH PLANTSAVINASH SHARMA, CHOWLANI MANPOONG, HEMANT SHARMA, HIMANSHU PANDEY, GAYTRI SONI, SUPRIYA SHARMA, NIRUPA KUMARI AND MEGHA RAGHAVAN
The present paper presents about removal of heavy metals, agrochemicals residues through natural plants. The removal of heavy metals residues and agrochemical residues with the interception of natural plants is called phytoremediation. The advancement of applied research produced various phytoremediation plants like weed plant, aquatic plant, tree and crops. The natural plant eradicates heavy metals and agrochemicals residues through phytostabilization, rhizodegradation, rhizofilteration, phytodegradation and phytovoltalization process. The terrestrial and aquatic plant eradicates heavy metals and agrochemicals residues from soil and water. Indian mustard removes 3 fold Cd, Pb, Se and Cs radioactive metals and diesel fuel spillage. Oryza sativa L. is cereal crop, removes Cu, Cd, from contaminated soil. Spinacia oleracea (Spinach) is vegetable crop, removes Cd, Cu, Fe, Ni, Pb, Zn and Cr from contaminated soil. Cicer arientinum is pulse crop, eradicates Pb and Cr from the contaminated soil. Pea is vegetable crop plant, removes Cd from the contaminated soil. Brassica napus L. oilseed crop, removes Cd, Cu, Zn, Pb from the contaminated soil. Cajanus cajan L. is pulse crop, removes As, Cd from the contaminated soil. Cucumis sativus L. is vegetable crop, removes Pb from the contaminated water. Annual grass and broad leaf weed removes atrazine, simazine, propazine, prometryn from the soil. Chenopodium album L., Hordeum juhatum L., Panicum capillare L., Nepeta cataria L., Caedus nutans L., Poa annua an Fostuca sp. removes atrazine, phosphorus, nitrate, ammonium. The phytoremediation plant recovers natural resources and restricts outbreak of diseases in the nature. Further, the scientific studies and research may build products of phytoremediation controlled plants for removing heavy metal and agrochemicals residue from the soil.