INFLUENCE OF ORGANIC, NATURAL FARMING AND RECOMMENDED PACKAGE OF PRACTICES ON YIELD AND ECONOMICS OF SUMMER GROUNDNUT (ARACHIS HYPOGEA L.)Sunil Kumar, K., Sudhir Kamath, K.V. Lakhsmana and Madhurima Vinod
A field experiment was carried out at Seed Farm, ZAHRS Brahmavar, Udupi, Karnataka during summer 2019 to study the influence of organic, natural farming, recommended package of practice and farmers practice on yield and economics of summer groundnut. The number of pods per plant (14.94) and pod yield (17.38 q ha-1) were significantly higher in package of practice whereas, haulm yield (23.10 q ha-1) was higher in natural farming which was on par with package of practice treatment. Maximum gross returns (Rs. 1,15,175 ha-1), net returns (Rs. 52,582.5 ha-1) and B:C ratio (1.84) were observed in package of practice treatment. However higher cost of cultivation (Rs. 65,435.0 ha-1) was noticed in organic farming. Significantly lower pod yield (12.92 q ha-1), haulm yield (17.10 q ha-1), gross returns (Rs. 85,975.0 ha-1) and net returns (Rs. 33,837.5 ha-1) were recorded in farmers practice.