A REVIEW ON ANTIMICROBIAL COMPOUNDS ISOLATED FROM ENDOPHYTES, ALGAE AND PLANTSH.D. PADARIYA, T.H. PATEL, M.A. RAKHOLIYA AND S.R. BIJEKAR
Antimicrobial compounds are the vital tools to fight against pathogenic microorganisms. Discovery of antibiotics saved many lives during World War II. Extensive use of antibiotics in 20th century has led in the evolution of antibiotic resistant microbes. The problem of antibiotic resistance is a global problem and it is rising exponentially. Infections caused by such resistant microbes are difficult to treat. Under such a scenario, there is an urgent need for searching, identifying and compiling the antimicrobial compounds from diverse and natural sources. The secondary metabolites from plant, algae and endophytes seem to be prominent alternatives to fight against antibiotic resistance microorganisms. This review has compiled 40 such potential antimicrobial compounds from fungal endophytes, algae and plants.