Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol 27, Issue 3, 2021; Page No.(1088-1090)


Karrar Hazim and Hassan A. Habeeb Alshamsi


This research consisted of the synthesis of nanoparticles and nanostructures, which included, first of all, the preparation of nano and environment friendly zinc oxide, as these oxides were reduced by nitrates and by the use of Spinach leaf extract, where this extract decreases the chemical content of the oxide. Additive compounds and convert these chemical compounds from nanoparticles and nanostructures during reduction, since this environment friendly method is considered safe, non-toxic or hazardous to the environment and is a method that is not costly, simple to prepare and highly effective. And it is possible to monitor the characteristics and properties of the resulting compounds and this process is used in many fields. Secondly, the synthesis, in proportions, and the preparation of the compounds by plant extract and by reduction, via various technologies, X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM, these nanostructures have also been diagnosed, examined FT-IR). Particles on the surface of the zinc oxide reduced the structural, morphological and compositional properties of the prepared nanoparticles by the extract of the sespan leaves and the compositions.