ACCESS REFORM POLICY WITHIN AGRARIAN REFORM FRAMES IN EX-RESIDENCY AREA OF SURAKARTA, INDONESIAAbsori, W. Yuspin, M.I. Bangsawan, D.K. Diarti and A. Budiono
This present research aims to 1). Describe the land policy in the Ex-residency area of Surakarta which includes Surakarta, Sragen Regency, and Wonogiri Regency; 2). Formulate a model of legal policy of access reform within the framework of agrarian reform. This type of research is a juridical - empirical study using two approaches, namely a qualitative non-doctrinal approach and an agrarian reform concept approach. The recent land policy in the Surakarta Ex-Residency area is based on the Regulation of the Minister of Agrarian Affairs and Spatial Planning/Head of the National Land Agency of the Republic of Indonesia Number 6 of 2018 concerning Complete Systematic Land Registration (PTSL) except the Surakarta Land Office which has the status of a complete city based its land certificate policies on the Agrarian Regional Program (PRODA). The policy offered in the research was analyzed with the Fishbone model which sequentially explained a visual list composed of various causes that influenced a process. It was carried out by separating and connecting one cause with another. The identification process was performed by looking for root causes that influenced the non-realization of the legality of access reform in the Surakarta Ex- Residency area through several indicators, such as (1) regulation; (2) land office; (3) society; as well as banking. Therefore, the government needs to optimize the implementation of agrarian reform in accordance with Peopleâs Consultative Assembly (MPR) Decree Number IX/MPR/2001 on Agrarian Reform and to formulate regulations for implementing agrarian reform regarding access reform.