TECHNO-LEGAL DIMENSIONS OF SUSTAINABLE MINING IN MEGHALAYA STATE OF INDIAM.Z.M. Nomani and Faizanur Rahman
India has a distinction of extensive mining for development pursuits and undermining environmental and social imperatives. The legal policy for sustainable mining is governed by Mines Act, 1952, The Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957, Mineral Concession Rule, 1960, Mineral Conservation and Development Rules, 1988. The techno-legal dimension of mining under National Mineral Policy, 1993 and, National Mineral Policy of 2008 chart out a sustainable mining framework. The legislative history of mining is centripetal to the developer for extracting minerals and neglecting towards ecological sustainability. On the other hand, the workers face the appalling state of health and safety. The innocent population living in mining areas often suffers from adverse environmental impacts and polluted atmosphere. The paper takes a legal stance on precept and practices for developing sustainable mining in the Meghalaya State of India.