DRINKING WATER PROTECTION QUALITY CONTROL TO MINIMIZE RISK OF CONSUMER HEALTHMAS AGUS MARDYANTO AND NIEKE KARNANINGROEM
Drinking water in Indonesia is produced by IPAM (Instalasi Pengolahan Air Minum a Water Treatment Plant), AMDK Company (Air Minum Dalam Kemasan Bottled Water) and AMIU Depot (Air Minum Isi Ulang refilled drinking water). The drinking water producers must pay attention to water quality. The water produced by people is used for daily needs. The quality of drinking water products is regulated in Minister of Health Regulation No. 492 of 2010. Drinking water production processes are often encountered problems such as the quality of raw water, treatment units, and other risk factors for the production process. This research was conducted to minimize the risks that occur by identifying critical points that need to be corrected. In this research, the Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) method is used. This method is needed to identify the dangers and risks in the production chain and then control can be determined by focusing on prevention to minimize the risks that may arise. The HACCP principle is hazard analysis based on physical, chemical and biological hazards, determining critical points, setting limits for each critical point, establishing monitoring systems, establishing corrective actions for each critical point, recording and verification. Furthermore, an alternative control is determined in accordance with the regulations in the HACCP procedure to optimize the quality of its products. The results of the analysis and evaluation of the condition of the existing IPAM X found 15 critical points. The biggest source of risk that affects the quality of production is found in the operations of each processing unit and fluctuations of its discharge. In AMDK X Company, 17 critical points were found with the biggest source of risk coming from incomplete Standard Operational Procedure and a late maintenance period. Whereas AMIU Depot found 25 critical points with the biggest source of risk came from media replacement and UV unit replacement.