Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol 26, Oct Suppl. Issue, 2020; Page No.(70-75)


Ranajit Sarmah and Nikita Goswami


Plant plays a vital role for existence of life on the earth. India has a rich biological diversity and subsequent to the dawn of the civilization, medicinal plants have been most important resource of mankind. Medicinal plants are found in different areas of India. Some of the important regions are Aravallis and Himalayas. They hold high amount of biologically active phytochemical substances which are integrated in alkaloids, glycosides, corticosteroids and essential oils. Indian system of medicines engages 80% of the material derived from the plants. The soil in the Himalayan region is mountainous, rust-coloured and rich in debris of decomposed leaves. The paper discusses about the various therapeutic plants found in Himalayan region and its beneficial effects. A proportion of therapeutic plants found in Himalayan and Northern area which have medicinal properties are Withania somnifera, Lavendula angustifolia, Terminalia arjuna, Celastrus paniculatus Willd and Terminalia chebula. Medicinal plants as a potential origin of therapeutic components have gained a significant role in well-being system throughout the world, not only in ailment condition as well as in maintaining proper health.