THE EFFECTS OF FARMING BEEF CATTLE ON BALURAN NATIONAL PARK CONSERVATION (CASE STUDY IN KARANG TEKOK, BANYUPUTIH DISTRICT, SITUBONDO REGENCY)Siti Azizah and Yahya Bagus Kawedar
This research was conducted in Karang Tekok, Sumberwaru Village, Banyuputih District, Situbondo Regency. This research was carried out from February 4th, 2019 to February 18th, 2019. This study was aimed to determine the characteristics and management of beef cattle farming in KarangTekok and the impact of beef cattle farming on the Baluran National Park regulation. Methods of the research were quantitative descriptive and qualitative with a case study approach. The sampling methods were purposive sampling and snowball sampling. Data collection methods were observation, interview and documentation. The results showed that Karang Tekok cattle farmers had been grazing their cattle for years, increase the income of the Karang Tekok community, the majority work farmers as farm laborers earning less than 500,000 IDR/per month. Education and a low economy forced people to herd cows to the Baluran National Park conservation area to meet the needs of their cattle. The impacts of cattle grazing include social, economic and ecological impacts. There are some government efforts to reduce conflict and carry out conservation, namely by conducting counseling and socialization related to wild grazing, supporting the development of beef cattle farming and forming Singomulyo Farmer Group to help beef cattle farming. The Karang Tekok community must be more aware that there have been many impacts caused by the wild grazing. Programs and assistance from the government solve some problems of beef cattle farming. Baluran National Park management and the government must get closer to the Karang Tekok community, so mutual partnership between parties is reached.