Pollution Research Paper

Vol 39, Issue 1, 2020; Page No.(184-186 )

INNOVATIVE AND MODERN APPROACHES (BLOCK CHAIN AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE) FOR GARBAGE COLLECTION AND MANAGEMENT-A REVIEW

RESHMA J.K. AND NIMMI BABYCHAN

Abstract

Every human activity creates waste in one form or the other. Due to population increase and unplanned urban development, unlike in the past, a slight mismanagement of waste will invariably damage human health and environment. Most of the technological options put forward for waste treatment and disposal are either impracticable due to many reasons or just transform waste from form to the other. All success stories of Municipal Solid Waste Management may be traced to public participation. Rapid urbanization and increased population density, coupled with improper waste management, make the Trivandrum district, located in the southern tip of India, a breeding place for a variety of life-threatening, rare diseases. It is reasonably suspected that mismanaged solid wastes are directly or indirectly responsible for this situation. Undoubtedly,these life- threatening diseases will crumble the economic backbone of thousands of poor people living in the State. Hence, technology interventions which focus on developing innovative conceptual framework for solid waste management have become the need of the hour. Innovations which employ artificial intelligence and block chain will help in proper solid waste management thereby enable efficient policy framework by concerned authorities. The review is an effort to understand how cities across the globe handle solid waste management issues and the conceptual framework undertaken by different governments worldwide. In this paper, we have analyzed the existing block chain based technologies for waste management and how effective these solutions are in addressing the challenges of waste management sector that faces today.

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