Asian Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology & Environmental Sciences Paper

Vol 21, Issue 3, 2019; Page No.(719-725)

STAKEHOLDER ANALYSIS ON MITIGATION AND ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN HILL AGRICULTURE OF MEGHALAYA, INDIA

A. DYMPEP, R.J. SINGH, S.M. FEROZE, L. HEMOCHANDRA AND J.K. CHAUHAN

Abstract

Mitigation and adaptation to climate change in agriculture is a socio-economic, psychological and political process. It involves actors and institutions at multiple levels, constructing and maintaining institutions, prioritizing actions, determining the allocation of scarce and competing for resources. As such, the extent to which mitigation and adaptation contributes to the improved mitigative and adaptive capacity of farmers will be determined, in part, by the relative Influence, Power and Legitimacy (IPL) of actors within the climate change adaptation regime. The study has been conducted in hilly state, Meghalaya, India with the main objectives of identifying stakeholders who are involved in decision making with respect to mitigation and adaptation of climate change practices in agriculture and to analyse their IPL. Following snowball sampling, six stakeholders involved in climate change were identified in the tropical zone of Meghalaya, while ten and twelve stakeholders were identified in Sub-tropical and Temperate zones respectively. Multilevel Stakeholder Influence Mapping (MSIM) tool was used to analyse the IPL of the identified stakeholders and it was found that in Tropical zone, Non-Government Organisations (NGOs) with a score of 29.10% was the most important stakeholder who took lead role in decision making relating to mitigation and adaptation of climate change in agriculture while the Meghalaya Planning Department was the most important stakeholder in Sub-tropical and Temperate zones respectively with the scores of 22.90% and 24.90% respectively who took lead role.

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