Pollution Research Paper

Vol 38, Issue 2, 2019; Page No.(457-463 )

EFFECTIVENESS OF COMBINE ACTIVATED CARBON, SPUNBOND AND MELT BLOWN AS RESPIRATORY MASKS: REDUCES EXPOSURE TO COX, NOX AND SOX IN AMBIENT AIR

KHAYAN, TAUFIK ANWAR, SLAMET WARDOYO AND WIDYANA LAKSHMI PUSPITA

Abstract

The effects of NOx in humans can cause pyrolysis, convulsive nerves and pulmonary odema. Coxis capable of 200 times faster reacting with hemoglobin (Hb) to form COHb compared to oxygen affinity (HbO). Whereas SOx, levels of 8 ppm cause irritation of the throat, eyes and cough. This study aims to analyze the effectiveness of using a combination of activated carbon, spun bond and melt blown on filtering COx, NOx and SOx of ambient air. This research is an experiment, to evaluate combine activated carbon, spun bond, Meltblown and caton as a breathing mask material in filtering COx, NOx, and SOx in ambient air. The gas was measured by a Multi Gas Analyzer. ANOVA test was carried out, α = 5%. The results show that activated carbon, spunbond, and meltblown combinations are more effective than masks with Spundbond and melt blown(surgical mask) materials in filtering COx, NOx, and SOx. These research results can be marked basis of further research to make a respiratory mask that is able to filtered dust, bacteria and gas pollution used the ergonomic respiratory mask that can be used by the people of high risk.

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