Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol 24, Issue 3 2018; Page No.(1137-1143)

DIVERSITY OF FUNCTIONAL SOIL ARTHROPODS IN TROPICAL RAINFOREST SUPER WET INDONESIA

Fenky Marsandi, Hermansah, Agustian and Syafrimen Yasin

Abstract

Super wet tropical rain forests are forest areas that have a high rainfall where there is no real difference to the dry season. Super wet tropical rain forests have a high diversity of soil fauna, particularly the soil arthropods. Soil Arthropods play an important role in maintaining the balance of forest ecosystems. Structurally the ground level of soil arthropods diversity in areas with low tree diversity is higher than soil arthropods in medium and high tree diversity. While the functional diversity of arthropods region super wet tropical rainforest is divided into two main functions, namely as an agent, both agents that play a role in biogeochemical cycles and systems running the agent in the food chain. Of the two main functions of the above can be reduced to a few other specific functions that the decomposition process agent, the agent in the formation of soil, soil nutrient supply agencies and biological control agents. So, increasingly higher level of soil arthropod diversity of the region it will be increasingly diverse functions of each of the specific soil arthropods.

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