Asian Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology & Environmental Sciences Paper

Vol 14, Issue 2, 2012; Page No.(369-376)

SOCIO ECONOMIC STATUS RESPONSIBLE FOR HIGH PREVALENCE OF TUBERCULOSIS IN CUDDALORE DISTRICT, TAMIL NADU, SOUTH INDIA

M. JAYANTHI, G. SHANTHI AND S. SELVAKUMAR

Abstract

The present study focused on the socio economic, demographic and personal health aspects of TB patients in Cuddalore district, Tamil Nadu, South India. Three hundred samples were collected from the age between 15-75, both male and female patients, in those 150 samples were positive considered as TB cases and remaining samples were negative known as controls. Univariate and multivariate analysis were done and some of the confounders like education, overcrowding, single room, type of fuel, separate kitchen, smoking, consumption of alcohol, BMI, household income and TB contact were found to be significant factors for the high prevalence of TB in Cuddalore District, Tamil Nadu. This may be due to poor living conditions, unhygienic environment and unawareness about TB. Hence, TB control programmes should be instituted for rapid diagnosis and aggressive treatment for favourable outcomes.

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