ETHNOBOTANY AND TRADITIONAL HEALTH CARE PRACTICES IN SIMILIPAL BIOSPHERE RESERVE, ODISHAN. Dikshit, N. Sivaraj and S. Dikshit
Ethno-botanical uses and traditional health care practices followed among the tribal people of Similipal Biosphere Reserve of Odisha, India have been highlighted in this paper. Physiography, agro climatic condition of the area surveyed, botanical name, plant parts used, ethnomedicinal uses and distribution of plant families belonging to 45 genera and 49 species are discussed. Local indigenous knowledge using plant parts either in isolation or mixed with other ingredients to cure common ailments like common cold, stomach disorder, rheumatism, asthma, urinary problem, menstrual disorder, detoxification, diabetes, skin diseases, improving memory power, gonorrhoea, syphilis, cooling effect of stomach, wormicide, snake bite, aphrodisiac, abortion , mosquito repellent and treatment of cancer etc. are mentioned. Forest fire and indiscriminate felling of trees and poaching of wild animals particularly tigers, elephants, deer and other wild animals are causing serious threat to the biodiversity in the region. The local community play an important role in collection and utilisation of medicinal plant resources. They are rich in traditional knowledge but there is scope to upgrade the understanding on the sustainability and safe guarding the biodiversity in the region.
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