ENVIRONMENTAL SECURITY MEASURES: INDICATOR EVALUATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCEVLADIMIR ALEXANDROVICH GRACHEV, OLGA VLADIMIROVNA PLYAMINA AND VASILII ANATOLIEVICH LOBKOVSKII
On the basis of the analysis of the current requirements for environmental security and environmental performance evaluation, a methodology and a set of indicators have been developed, and a normative justification of the system for the indicator evaluation of the environmental security measures environmental performance has been given. Basic requirements for the environmental quality protection and preservation, environmental security, environmental performance evaluation, as well as the environmental quality assessment standards have been studied and considered. A system for the indicator evaluation of the environmental security measures environmental performance, based on the principles of necessity (importance of environmental security measures in the context of serious negative impact of an object on the environment), reasonability (sufficiency and technical excellence of the proposed measures), and efficiency (accordance of the aims degree of achievement and significance to the costs), has been offered. The proposed indicators for the evaluation of the environmental security measures environmental performance are based on the concept of sustainable development and are divided according to the environmental, social, economic, and nuclear and radiation safety criteria. The application of the proposed system for the indicator evaluation of the environmental performance allows identifying the achievability of the goals and objectives in the implementation of the environmental security measures. Indicator values may be used as an information basis for the decision making on the necessity and effectiveness of the measures implementation.
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