Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol. 22, April Suppl. Issue 2016; Page No.(455-458)

COST-EFFECTIVE TECHNIQUE OF TANK BUND SOIL EROSION CONTROL BY STYLOSANTHES HAMATA - A CASE STUDY IN TALAGAWARA, CHIKKABALLAPURA DISTRICT, INDIA

Sreenivasa, J.S. Chandrashekar, V.G. Sharath and Vahid Sharifi

Abstract

Turfing to tank bund plays an important role in strengthening and reducing erosion of soil from the tank bund. Bringing of turf from long distance to establish turfing leads to more investment and labour requirement. Besides, the production of grass and fodder from turf area would be less due use of wild grass varieties. As an alternate tool to overcome these problems the new method of turfing was found out based on previous experiences. The direct seed sowing of Hamata fodder species on bund would help in establishing quality turf. Hamata (Stylosanthes hamata) is a dry fodder species, which can be cultivated on a larger area for fodder production. A seed of this fodder has good market demand because this will be used mostly in establishing vegetation coverage on bunds with an objective of soil and water conservation in dry areas. The advantages with Stylosanthes hamata are Suitable to different soils namely black soil, red soil, sandy soil, gravel soil, dry sandy soil etc. Drought tolerant and can withstand under less moisture condition. Provides nutritious fodder to livestock and livestock very much likes this fodder. Multiplied on its own on the area we do not up root. Play an important role in soil and water conservation. Helps in enhancing soil fertility status, it is perennial in nature, has ability to give more fodder yield under dry condition.

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