CONSIDERING THE EFFECTS OF TRADITIONAL SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE ON ENVIRONMENT AND SAVING ENERGY IN SEMNAN, IRANHoomanmesgarian, Iamanrasouli and Omidrasouli
Not observing the balance of the architecture with the environment and nature in todays architecture and city building causes some unpleasant results such as pollution of the environment, reduction of natural resources, climate changes and increasing reduction of energy resources. Paying attention to the climate conditions, human life environment, introducing the different aspects of climate in architecture and building different urban spaces, passages, neighborhoods and buildings can be very important factors for making a healthy environment which provide comfort for human and not only cause energy saving but also entail building durability and making urban sustainable spaces. Therefore, the designers and architects try to find a suitable solution in designing environment friend buildings. One of these effective solutions is the issue about sustainability in architecture in which subjects like the environmental effects of building, green buildings, designing for recycling and so on are considered. This research considers the criteria of a sustainable architecture which is compatible with the climate and environment in the city of Semnan as well as reviewing different bio environmental effects and aspects of the issue. At first, referring the library resources and collecting the required information from the synoptic stations of the city of Semnan, sustainability and principles of the nature and environment compatible architecture is explained by descriptive methods. Then, the conformity of the nature and climate compatible architecture is considered by the analytical and quantitative methods based on which the traditional architecture in the dry and desert areas like the city of Semnan is a sustainable architecture which is compatible with the nature and environment. from another hand, using the sustainable architecture and attending the natural resources and domestic materials in the different areas can not only cause energy saving in nonrenewable resources but also have the least destructive effect on the environment.
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