Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol 21, Issue 2, 2015; Page No.(669-671)

EFFECTIVE FACTORS ON RURAL EMIGRATION IN GOLMAKAN RURAL DISTRICT, CHENARAN COUNTY

Mahdi. Jahani1 and Abolfazl Vatandoust

Abstract

Rural-urban emigrations have always been attended to by scholars in various disciplines. Rural emigrations have caused numerous problems in the origin and destination in Iran during recent decades. The final result of these emigrations is losing regional balance and harmony. Thus, it is essential to take measures to provide for rural development and diminish the caused problems by reducing rural emigrations to cities. The region under study is Golmakan Rural District in Chenaran County in Razavi Khorasan Province. The required data were gathered through desk and field studies by a questionnaire. Cochran Formula was used for determining the sample size for data collection in villages. Data analyses were conducted through SPSS Software and inferential statistics using Pearson Test. The results of this study showed that there are numerous effective factors among which lack of employment and low income have more important roles. Finally, some strategies were suggested.

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