Asian Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology & Environmental Sciences Paper

Vol 16, Issue 1, 2014; Page No.(7-10)

SUPERFICIAL FUNGAL INFECTIONS AMONGST SOME OCCUPATIONAL GROUPS AND HIV/AIDS PATIENTS IN NIGERIA

A.I. OGBONNA, C.I.C. OGBONNA, S.C OGUERI, P. NWADIARO AND H.L. ISHAKU

Abstract

Studies were carried out on the occurrence of superficial fungal infections amongst some occupational groups in Nigeria. The occupational groups investigated included car-washers, dog breeders, local farmers, football players, hair-dressers and urban road-cleaners. The study was also extended to HIV/ AIDS patients. A total number of 13 species of fungi were isolated from both the occupational groups and the HIV/AIDS patients. The isolates included 4 species of Microsporum, 7 species of Trichophyton, 1 (one) species of Epidermophyton and one species of Cladosporium. A total of 10 species of fungi were isolated from the HIV/AIDS patients. It was observed that some of the test individuals abused some antibiotic drugs. Some of the infected individuals were found to share their residential homes with domestic animals. It appeared the dog breeders contracted their fungal infections from either the infected pregnant dogs or the infected male dogs. The fungal isolates from the HIV/AIDS patients appeared to be opportunistic organisms that stemmed from immune suppressions. It is known that susceptibility to superficial fungus infection varies but the nature of this immunity still appears to be obscure. The details of the results obtained from the study have been discussed.

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