Pollution Research Paper

Vol.29, Issue 4, 2010; Page No.(601-606)

GIS BASED RISK ASSESSMENT, PREPAREDNESS AND PREVENTION OF CROWD DISASTER: A CASE STUDY OF RELEGIOUS PILGRIMS IN INDIA

KANTI KUMAR AND A.K. DWIVEDI

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to study of religious events in India often facing stampedes and crowd crush. Very often the local authorities are trained at crowd control rather than crowd management. The present study is based on the risk assessment, preparedness and prevention strategy of pilgrim site at Ujjain. Ujjain is one of the seven sacred cities of Hindus an ancient city since 4th B.C. in central India on the banks of river kshipra. This city is known for its great cultural and spiritual importance like Varanasi. It is also home to the sacred mahakaleshwar jyotirlinga and is the site for kumbh mela religious festival. The nature of crowd here is varied in terms of social mix, age-range and levels of exposure to life but the goal is common, i.e. to enjoy the spiritual bliss of a god with human attributes at one of the worlds largest religious congregation. The nature of offerings to the God coupled with the crowd craze to have darshan may at times enhance the possibility of a disaster. The physical features of the venue do include dead ends, locked gates, convergence of several routes into one slippery floorings and steps and at times moving attractions within a crowd. There have been cases reported of stampedes and crowd disasters in the near past. The focus is on community disaster management strategy along with administrative officials, NGOs and personnel who interact with the pilgrims.

Enter your contact information below to receive full paper.
Your Name :
Email:
Phone:
City:
Cost of Full Paper: Rs.75 for Indian Nationals or $20 (USD) for international subscribers.
By clicking on Request Paper you Agree to pay the above mentioned cost per paper.
  
Journal Issues
Vol. 36, Issue 1, 2017
Vol. 35, Issue 4, 2016
Vol. 35, Issue 3, 2016
Vol. 35, Issue 2, 2016
Vol. 35, Issue 1, 2016
Vol 34, Issue 4, 2015
Vol 34, Issue 3, 2015
Vol 34, Issue 2, 2015
Vol 34, Issue 1, 2015
Vol 33, Issue 04, 2014
Vol 33, Issue 03, 2014
Vol 33, Issue 02, 2014
Vol.33, Issue 01, 2014
Vol.32, Issue 04, 2013
Vol.32, Issue 03, 2013
Vol.32, Issue 02, 2013
Vol.32, Issue 1, 2013
Vol.31, Issue 04, 2012
Vol.31, Issue 3, 2012
Vol.31, Issue 2, 2012
Vol.31, Issue 1, 2012
Vol.30, Issue 4, 2011
Vol.30, Issue 3, 2011
Vol.30, Issue 2, 2011
Vol.30, Issue 1, 2011
Vol.29, Issue 4, 2010
Vol.29, Issue 3, 2010
Vol.29, Issue 2, 2010
Vol.29, Issue 1, 2010
Vol.26, Issue 3, 2007
Vol.20, Issue 02, 2001
Vol.20, Issue 01, 2001
Vol.19, Issue 03, 2000
Vol.19, Issue 01, 2000
Vol.18, Issue 02, 1999
Vol.17, Issue 04, 1998
Vol.17, Issue 03, 1998
Vol.17, Issue 01, 1998
Looking for Past Issues? Click here to get them!!