Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol.07, Issue 03, 2001; Page No.(219-234)

BIOGEOGRAPHY AND BIODIVERSITY OF MAHER MARINE FUNGI IN TROPICS -A REYVIEW

K.R. Sridhar and K. Prasannarai

Abstract

Marine mycology is one of the major emerging areas of research in tropics. It is gaining importance not only due to taxonomic and ecological perspective, but also for unique metabolites, biochemicals and enzymes from the sea. Majority of the studies on marine fungi are confined to the temperate regions. Studies in tropics and subtropics gained importance only in last two decades. So far from Indian Peninsula 89 species belonging to 53 genera have been reported.Three new genera and 14 species of marine fungi have been described from the Indian coast. Biogeography and diversity of marine fungi from Indian Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, South-East Asia and Hong Kong have been furnished. Fifty four species of marine fungi are more frequent (>10%) in tropics. Besides the occurrence of marine fungi on woody debris of intertidal habitats, their occurrence in other biomes (mangroves, saltmarshes and harbour) and substrates (palms, fern and animal substrates) are also discussed. Data on the geographic distribution, water qualities, kind of substrates and length of incubation strengthen the study of mycogeography and mycodiversity in tropics.

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