Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol. 29. Aug, Suppl, Issue, 2023; Page No.(259-268)


Karishma Sebastian, Dhanusha Balakrishnan, Shely Mary Koshy, Sachu Sara Sabu and Amrutha P.


India, with its diverse soil and climate conditions and varied agro ecological regions, provides a possibility to grow many horticultural crops, which significantly contribute to the Indian economy by enhancing farm output, generating employment, and providing raw materials to various food-processing businesses. The amount of land allotted for horticulture is minimal, but the demand for the production of horticulture crops is high. Therefore, meeting the demand with minimum resources is a bit challenging, nevertheless can be achieved by the introduction of Artificial Intelligence (AI) to the field. Application of AI in horticultural crop production by predicting adverse climate conditions, providing suitable micro-environment through remote controlled drip irrigation, and its application in providing automated irrigation, determining crop genotype, disease diagnosis, pest and weed management, maturity identification of fruits and vegetables, yield forecasting, automated harvesting using robots, reducing post-harvest losses and its role in fruit quality assessment and in processing industry is elaborated in this review.