Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol. 29. Aug, Suppl, Issue, 2023; Page No.(138-145)


Prabhash Kumar Yadav, Shreyas Pande, R.P. Singh Kushwah, Mohit Mishra and Dharmendra Kumar Dubey


Natural disasters such as earthquakes, hurricanes, floods, and landslides can have a devastating impact on civil structures. This research paper aims to investigate the impact of natural disasters on civil structures and the measures that can be taken to mitigate their impact. The study begins with a literature review of previous research conducted in this field. The review examines the different types of natural disasters, their impact on civil structures, and the factors that contribute to the vulnerability of civil structures to natural disasters. The study then focuses on case studies of recent natural disasters and their impact on civil structures. This includes the 2011 tsunami in Japan. The case studies are analyzed to identify the factors that contributed to the damage and destruction of civil structures in these disasters. Next, the study discusses the measures that can be taken to mitigate the impact of natural disasters on civil structures. This includes pre-disaster planning, design and construction techniques, and post-disaster recovery and reconstruction strategies. The study also examines the role of government policies and regulations in promoting disaster-resistant civil structures. Finally, the study concludes with a discussion of the challenges and opportunities for future research in this field. This includes the need for interdisciplinary research that combines engineering, architecture, and social science perspectives, as well as the importance of collaboration between different stakeholders, including governments, NGOs, and local communities.