EVALUATION OF WATER QUALITY USING PHYSICO-CHEMICALPARAMETERS OF RIVERINE AREAS OF BADDI (H.P), INDIAVandana Sethi, Yogesh Kumar Walia, Vishal Rana and Divya Gautam
The present paper is focused on monitoring of surface water quality of Baddi area in Himachal Pradesh.The research work was carried out for the assessment of various physico-chemical parameters at twelvesampling location. A systematic study of fifteen physico-chemical parameters for water quality monitoringis done by evaluating - pH, electrical conductivity, turbidity, TDS, total hardness, major ions (Cl-, F-, NO3,SO42-, Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+, K+), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and chemical oxygen demand (COD). Theresults obtained were compared with the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS: IS: 10500, 2012) guidelines. Itwas found that some of the parameters like electrical conductivity, turbidity, sodium, potassium, BOD andCOD are not in the permissible limit of the BIS. A strong correlation was observed between the industrialactivities and water pollution. The dense unplanned industrialization has negative effect on water qualityof the study area. Therefore, the strict compliance of regulatory standards should be followed for disposalof sewage and untreated effluents to protect water resources.