EXTRACTION OF WATERBODIES USING SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINE AND SPECTRAL INDICESShiva Chandra Vaddiraju, K. Bhavana, Apsana Shaik, R. Akhila and K. Sreeja
Water is an important natural resource in our daily life. Water resources play a major role in sustainable development. Surveying and continuous monitoring of water bodies in a vast area is a tedious and timeconsuming task by conventional surveying techniques. Keeping track of changes in the areas of waterbodies due to urbanization and industrialization is very important. The present study aims at determining the spatiotemporal changes in the water bodies from 2008 to 2018 in the drought-hit area of Mahbubnagar, Telangana using satellite-derived spectral index namely,Modified Normalized Difference Water Index (MNDWI) and Support Vector Machine (SVM) technique using Resourcesat-1 Data. Extraction of water bodies using MNDWI and SVM can be done very easily with very little effort as compared to conventional surveying techniques. Using the MNDWI technique,the total area of waterbodies is 322.64 square kilometers in the year 2008 and 362.61 square kilometers in the year 2018. Using the SVM technique, the area of waterbodies is 368.17 square kilometers in the year 2008 and 395.72 in the year 2018. The kappa index values of 2018 by MNDWI technique and SVM technique are 0.86 and 0.91 respectively. The kappa index values of 2008 by MNDWI technique and SVM technique are 0.85 and 0.89 respectively. It is observed that the SVM technique is more accurate than the MNDWI technique. The area of water bodies has increased during the study period mainly due to increased awareness among the public on the importance of water and also initiatives taken by the Government of Telangana, like Mission Kakatiya for the revival of water bodies in the study area.