Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol. 28, May Suppl. Issue 2022; Page No.(579-582)


Anu Sharma and Gayatri Sharma


India has been traditionally vulnerable to natural disasters due to its unique geo-climatic conditions. Floods,droughts, cyclones, earthquakes and landslides are major natural disasters. The vulnerability in India ismore compared to developed countries. In India due to different climatic and rainfall patterns in differentregions some parts are suffering from flood and other prt are suffering from drought at the same time.Unlike floods, drought occurrence is a gradual process with long lasting effects. It causes huge losses interms of human, financial, environmental, social , economical and livelihood. Thus there is a need forawareness, implementation of new activities to prevent water related disasters as well as reduce theirimpact through post disaster management policies. The new approach of the government of India proceedsfrom the conviction that development can not be sustainable unless disaster mitigation is built into thedevelopment process. This paper explores the drought disaster in several dimensions such as health,environmental,socioeconomic and management strategies.