EXPLORING THE REASON OF INEFFECTIVENESS OF INDIA’S POLICY FOR BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION AND POLLUTION CONTROL IN THE NORTHEAST REGIONS.Z.H. HUSSAINI, SUSHIL AND S.A.H. HUSSAINI
Himalayan mountains have always been a rich source of natural resources and biodiversity, which can be exploited for sustainable development of the splendid hills and mountains but the pollution pose a serious threat to biodiversity. Looking for sustainable alternatives is the need of the hour. Undoubtedly, Bamboo, being the fast growing natural raw material with diverse uses can be a better alternative. In the field of construction, it has been considered as strong as steel. Being an environmental friendly, widely available as a substitute material for diverse uses, it is a perfect substitute for traditional wood timber which is crucial for biodiversity conservation and pollution control. The paper brings out the overview of the government initiatives through Bamboo technology applications with a focus on sustainable development of Indiaâs northeast region and also explores the reasons for its ineffectiveness. The paper critically analyses the impact of Technology Development Assistance (TDA) scheme of National Mission on Bamboo Application (NMBA) under the Ministry of Science and Technology and invested more than Rs. 70 crore as Technology Development Assistance (TDA) to 84 Bamboo industry units in North East India. But most of the industries supported collapsed within a year. Interpretive structural modeling of the scheme through Total Interpretive Structural Modeling technique shows that the unavailability of raw material is driver factor which led to the shutdown of bamboo application units. The findings provide policy lessons for strategy execution excellence of future plans and policies.