Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol.18, Issue 2, 2012; Page No.(403-408)

RESPONSE OF THE LENGTH, DRY WEIGHT OF STEM CUTTING AND NUMBER OF LEAVES OF (CAPPARIS SPINOSA L.) AS AFFECTED BY STEM CUTTING TYPE AND IBA CONCENTRATIONS

Hossein Sadeghi, Mansour Taghvaei and Mohammad Bagher Miri

Abstract

There is little information about Capparis Spinosa L. breeding. By studying the resources, we can understand that germination in Capparis Spinosa L. seeds is very poor and there is a serious problem in the proliferation of this plant through root cuttings or at least, fewer attempts are done to achieve this goal. The purpose of this study is to determine the culture medium, kind of stem-cuttings, the best kind of growth regulator substances and the length and the weight of initial stem, dry weight of stem-cuttings, total number of this plant leaves in order to produce desert plant of Capparis Spinosa L. The results show that culture medium significantly affects the length of produced stems. In the variation of stem-cuttings used in the experiment, the produced length of stem is greatly affected. The length of produced stems were significantly affected by the density of different levels of growth regulators and then by enhancement in this density levels, from control level to 7500 ppm level, the length of produced stems is developed or increased. Culture medium significantly affects the number of leaves produced. So, the maximum number of produced leaves was observed about 15 in the culture medium of sand and Perlite mixture. Type of stemcuttings used in the experiment significantly affects the number of produced leaves. Total produced leaves and dry weight of Capparis Spinosa’s stem-cuttings was affected by different levels of growth regulators.

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