Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol 26, Issue 2, 2020; Page No.(471-479)

EFFECT OF MANGO’S MISTLETOE (DENDROPHTHOE PENTANDRA (L.) MIQ) LEAF EXTRACT ON THE BIOLOGY OF SPODOPTERA LITURA F.

Dwi Haryanta, Achmadi Susilo and Wahyu

Abstract

Waste of mistletoe plants resulting from the pruning of urban forest plants in Surabaya is abundant, and has the potential to be used as an organic pesticide. The study aimed to determine the effect of mango’s mistletoe water extract on the biology of Spodoptera litura F. Experiments with concentration (weight/ volume) treatment of mistletoe leaf extracts with six levels namely concentration of 0.0% (100% water); concentration of 2.5% (25 g of mistletoe in one liter of extract); concentration of 5.0% (50 g mistletoe in one liter of extract); concentration of 7.5% (75 g of mistletoe in one liter of extract); concentration of 10.0% (100 g mistletoe in one liter of extract); and a concentration of 12.5% (125 g of mistletoe in one liter of extract). Experimental variables are larvae mortality, the development of each instar and stage, and the amount of food consumption. The results showed that Dendrohtoe pentandra (L.) Miq) mango mistletoe water extract significantly affected on the biology of Spodoptera litura F, namely (1) is toxic, with a concentration of 12.5% can kill up to 95% on the 8th day significantly differ from the concentration treatment at underneath; (2) extending the larval period (larvae), but shortening the pre-pupil and pupa period; (3) reduce appetite (decreased amount of feed consumption); (4) foiling the development of larvae to become the next instar, or the development from larvae to pupae, or from pupa to imago.

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