Asian Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology & Environmental Sciences Paper

Vol 22, Issue 1, 2020; Page No.(149-157)

ZIKA VIRUS: AN EMERGING THREAT

PRAJAKTA MAMBAYIL, SURBHI TAJANE AND PRITEE CHUNARKAR

Abstract

Zika Virus (ZIKV) is one of the most emerging severe threat to the world. Zika virus was first determined in zika forest in Uganda from the blood sample of rhesus monkey. In 2007, the outburst of zika virus was in Africa and Asia and later on it was found in the Yap State in Micronesia. Since after that, zika virus was widely spread around the world, including various countries such as Polynesia, French, Southeast Asia and on the other parts of Central and North America. Since 2007 outbreak of Zika virus with the quick transmission have made virus the international concern. The virus is an arthopode-borne virus and is a member of flaviviridae and genus flavivirus and transmitted through aedes mosquitos. The devasting effect of the disease may harm to humans also can transmit from mother and child which may lead to themicrocephaly. The virus shows the symptoms such as yellow fever, rashes which is difficult to discern the viral infection. Antiviral therapeutics and the preventive strategies must be used to cure zika virus. The proper control measures should be taken

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