Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol.10, Issue 03, 2004; Page No.(253-255)

A STUDY ON ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL INTERACTION WITH A VIEW TO CONSERVE MANGROVE IN INDIAN SUNDARBAN DELTA

S. Mitra and S. Nandy

Abstract

The Sundarbans is, a part of the world's largest delta (80,000 sq. km) formed from sediments deposited by three • great rivers, the Ganges, Brahamputra and Meghna, Covering some 10,000 sq. km of mangrove forest and water of which 4200 sq. km is in India. Here the plants and animals exist in perfect balance in a rich biomass by their stresses and strains, thrusts and counter thrusts. Mangrove species of the sunderbans are estimated to be about 80% of total world mangrove species. From this coastal Sundarbans mangal, on an average 6000-dha mangrove litter is released during one calendar year and acts as the sink for Kolkata metropolitan pollutants. For being the important. World Heritage Site' in 1985 and natural abode of vast groups of the threatened mangrove species and mangrove dwelling faunal assemblages, the Sundarbans mangal was included within different important conservation programmes.

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