FISH CULTIVATION: AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS OF POVERTY ERADICATION OF JHUMIAS IN GOMATI DISTRICT OF TRIPURA, INDIASuman Kalyan Chaudhury and Sukanta Sarkar
The study makes an attempt to assess the poverty alleviation of Jhumias through the fish cultivation in Gomati district of Tripura. It is based on the primary data, which has been randomly collected from 150 fish cultivating households (who were previously involved in shifting cultivation) through a well-structured questionnaire. Samples were selected from the three subdivisions of the Gomati district. The result indicates that poverty among the Jhumias got reduced after their rehabilitation through fish cultivation. The Multidimensional Poverty Index and the Human Poverty Index showed that during shifting cultivation 87 per cent and 89.3 per cent of Jhumias respectively were below the poverty line in Gomati district. It means poverty was very high during the shifting cultivation. The Multidimensional Poverty Index, and the Human Poverty Index, showed that after their rehabilitation of through fish cultivation 0.28 per cent and 4.06 per cent of Jhumias respectively were below the poverty line. It means poverty among the Jhumias was effectively reduced when they adopted fish cultivation. Thus, the paper suggests that fish cultivation is a useful strategy for rehabilitation of Jhumias and their poverty alleviation.