INVESTIGATION OF INDOOR SPIDER PLANT (CHLOROPHYTUM COMOSUM) AFFECTING THE CARBON MONOXIDE AND CARBOXYHEMOGLOBIN REDUCTIONRizky Rahadian Wicaksono, Marsha Savira Agatha Putri, Antariksa, Marjono and Ummu Maflachatus Sholichah
The spider plant (Chlorophytum comosum) was effectively reducing the carbon monoxide indoor and carboxyhemoglobin level of the smokers. The high concentrations of CO can cause death in humans who are exposed to both active smokers and passive smokers. We use spider plants in this study to determine the effect of increasing the number of that plants in reducing CO indoor and COHb levels. This study started from respondend determination, blood sampling, measure the CO level indoor, before and after smoking. This study was conducted in March 2021. The respondents used in this study were 7 respondents who participated in the blood sampling procedure and were active smokers aged 33-50 years. Respondents smoked indoors for 5 minutes with 1 cigarette. The Spider plant used in this study was 5 until 15 plant pots. Data analysis was obtained from the results of measuring CO indoor which was measured 3 times taking sample points before and after the respondent smoked using the Lutron GCO 2008 CO Meter. Blood samples were taken by the midwife indoor. This research was conducted indoor size 7 x 7 meters (Figure 1). The number of ventilation is 2 windows beside the door and 2 windows at the back with an entrance, 7 chairs and 7 tables for smoking respondents. We measured the CO level indoor directly using CO meter and COHb level from the respondentâs blood using spectrophotometer in Health Science Laboratory, Lamongan Islamic University. Then, we analyzed the measurement results using data plot and linear regression using Microsoft Excel to identify the associations between CO level among the number of spider plant, COHb level, age, smoking intensity, and nutritional status. The result showing that spider plants can reduce CO levels indoor 65% and also can reduce COHb level 75%.