THE CHALLENGE OF GOVERNMENT POLICY IN THE MANAGEMENT OF WATER RESOURCES BASED ON SUSTAINABILITY IN INDONESIASuwari Akhmaddhian, Erga Yuhandra and Haris Budiman
Water is an essential component of life. Professional and sustainable management of water resources is useful to maintain the quality and quantity of water as well as to ensure that water is optimally utilized for living things in the world. The data for this qualitative study consisted of two types of data, namely primary data collected from interviews and observations, and secondary data obtained from the legislations related to water management. This study was conducted in Indonesia. The results showed that water resources as a gift from God can be obtained from various sources, such as rainwater, surface water, groundwater and seawater. Water is generally used for multiple purposes, such as drinking water, household needs, industry, etc. Yet, abundant water resources that are not managed optimally can cause various disasters, such as floods and landslides. Conversely, the less volume of water can cause droughts. Hence, water resources management policies must be in harmony with the environment, social and economy so as to create sustainability, justice and welfare in the society. Water resources must be utilized as much as possible for public interests in accordance with human rights to water resources.