SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS AND DRAWBACK OF BANANA GROWERS: A REVIEW ON ASIA’S LARGEST BANANA MARKET DARANGGIRI, GOALPARA, ASSAM, INDIASamar Medhi
The development of horticulture has high potentiality in India. Among the horticulture banana is one of most profitable and suitable environmental plants in India especially in Assam and Meghalaya. With 14 million tonne annual production India sustains 1st rank position in Banana cultivation in the world. The high nutrient value, employment opportunities enrich the banana cultivation in India. The rural background society, extra profit and high market demand are also pulling the unemployed youth to initiate banana cultivation in large scale. However the socio-economic status of the cultivator is still unknown. There are also various drawback of the banana grower as banana is perishable ability in term of production and market as well as fluctuating with market behavior. In the study area the existence of Asiaâs largest banana market highly influence banana cultivation in the surrounding region. As a protection of soil erosion and easy source of income banana is cultivated in most of area in most of the area and it also replaced the age old jhumming cultivation in the hills area of Garo hills of Meghalaya. Thus the present study attempts to evaluate the socio-economic condition of banana grower and their various drawbacks in banana farming. The practical background of knowledge and skill in banana farming is also studied.