QUALITATIVE SCREENING OF BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS FROM TWO WEED SPECIES OF CASSIAVaishali Varsani, Kiran Dangar, Suhas Vyas and Dushyant Dudhagara
Cassia tora and Cassia uniflora belong to the Caesalpiniaceae family and is known as âweedâ throughout India. The concept of using plants as medicines is very ancient in this part of the world. Behind this concept, the capability of the plant to cure diseases due to its chemical property which is present in different parts of a plant plays a major role to control diseases. The present study deals with the qualitative phytochemical screening of two different Cassia species seeds viz., Cassia tora and Cassia uniflora. For qualitative bioactive chemical compound analysis, a total of 20 different tests were carried out for seeds of both the Cassia species. The current study shows that they possess typical characteristics of curing various diseases. The present study highlights the screening of qualitative biologically active compounds such as carbohydrates, protein, alkaloids, flavonoids, tannin, anthraquinone, quinine, resin, and glycosides. This study also shows the difference between the two Cassia species as well as its medicinal value through bioactive compound analysis.