A REVIEW ON ROLE OF MEDICINAL PLANTS-BASED REMEDIES IN FISH PATHOLOGYSachin Panwar, Ashish Thapliyal and Madhu Thapliyal
India has slowly and steadily increased both marine and freshwater fish production. The commercial aquaculture industry has to face problem of fish pathogens as fishes have to face various microorganisms that are present in water environment. These fish pathogens can causes either partial or complete fish loss and these pathogens have become a primary concern for the production of sustainable agriculture, thereby influencing the socioeconomic status of fisheries. Various stress factors like water quality, temperature changes, immune suppression, high density population, feeding habits etc. also cause loss of fish production. Aquaculture industry incurs increased expenditure on use of chemicals that are used to preventive different fish diseases. Conventionally, treatment of fishes is still done using various salts like potassium permanganate and formalin. Alternatives to various drugs are being explored in various fields. Medicinal plants have been used for the treatment of human diseases since ages and Ayurveda has been traced back to 6000BC but information regarding the use of medicinal plants or phyto-components to treat pathogenic conditions in fishes is rather limited. This review focuses on treatment of bacterial, viral and parasitic diseases in fishes using medicinal plants and phyto-components. This knowledge can help in treating different pathological conditions in fishes with local resources and at a faster rate and could prevent losses of aquaculture industry.