Pollution Research Paper

Vol 38, Issue 4, 2019; Page No.(1019-1024)

HEAVY METALS ANALYSIS OF UNDERGROUND WATER OF BBN AREA, SOLAN, HIMACHAL PRADESH, INDIA

VISHAL RANA AND YOGESH KUMAR WALIA

Abstract

Water resource management is an important part of human life, as we know that 70% of human body is water content. A human used average of 302-378 liters of water in daily life so the purity of water is one of the most important area of human concern. It is very important to check the quality of drinking water periodically. Underground water is a major source of drinking water in India especially in Himachal Pradesh. But the quality of underground water is regularly decreasing in the surrounding of some industrial areas of BBN (Baddi-Baroutiwala-Nalagharh), district Solan of Himachal Pradesh. Some effectives and protective methods should be adopted to improve the drinking water quality with regular quality check up and these quality check up should be undertaken periodically. The aim of present research is to investigate the level of some common heavy metals (Copper, Iron, Lead, Mercury, Cadmium, Zinc, Manganese etc.) of underground water in BBN area. Underground water samples are collected from four different locations of BBN area. Collected samples are analyzed for heavy metals. For the comparison Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS: IS: 10500, 2012) guidelines are used. Accordingly, the results show that some heavy metals are within the accepted range, but some heavy metals (Cu, Fe, Zn and Mn) are at alarming state as compared to the BIS, 2012, hence thereby some precautionary suggestions for treatment of contaminated water sources are indeed.

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