Pollution Research Paper

Vol 38, Issue 3, 2019; Page No.(634-647)

VEHICULAR POLLUTION AND ITS IMPLICATIONS

M. ARUNKUMAR AND S. DHANAKUMAR

Abstract

Road transport is the principal means of transportation for both movements of people and goods in India and has gained importance in the overall transport system. This article elaborates the trends of road transportation growth and its significant influences on air quality and public health in India. The unconditional growth of motor vehicles along with the inadequate development in technology, fuel quality and infrastructure makes the air quality awful. Automobile emissions are multi-characteristics and add a major fraction of pollutants into the atmosphere. Currently, most of the Indian cities are critically polluted by vehicular emissions, which leads to acute and chronic health effects on the exposed population. A series of vehicular pollution control norms were already implemented in India. Despite of several policy measures, there was an overall rise in traffic emissions, constantly. As a result, it requires a comprehensive approach to understand pollution levels and its sources regularly. Improving public transport, limiting the number of polluting vehicles on the road, introducing less polluting vehicles (Electric vehicles), Strict emission regulations and removing dust from roads can be a reliable approach to limit vehicular emissions. These strategies should turn out to be an action plan which is time bound and has targets and penalties.

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