PROSPECT FOR TRANS BOUNDARY SMALL PELAGIC FISHERIES MANAGEMENT OF INDONESIA-TIMOR LESTE IN OMBAI STRAITBeatrix M. Rehatta, Y. Merryanto and Jotham S.R. Ninef
The small pelagic fisheries of the Ombai strait offer a pivotal role for fishers and local communities in Indonesia-Timor Leste, but uncontrolled fishing practices may cause copious number of problems. Regardless of proper management, such condition enables to generate further problems associated with alleviation offish resource and ecosystem services, which in turn capable of causing disturbances in several aspects such as economic, social, politic, and security. In this regard, there is a clear necessity to establish a collaborative management between Indonesia and Timor Leste in order to manage small pelagic resources. Several important factors that could strengthen the cooperation between two countries included trans boundary resources, identic fishery characteristic (dominated by small-scale fisheries) and location, presence of informal agreement and co-operation among traditional fishers in fishing activities, and strong kinship, relationship between communities in boundary areas of Indonesia and Timor Leste. Therefore, in order to support trans boundary small pelagic fisheries management, collaboration related to comprehensive studies and development of management regime is required.
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