Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol 25, Aug Suppl. Issue, 2019; Page No.(S31-S35)

MANGROVE FOREST HABITAT CONDITIONS IN TANAH MERAH COASTAL BEACH EAST NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR

Jeriels Matatula, Meilyn Renny Pathibang, Ni Kade Ayu Dewi Aryani and Alfred Umbu Kuala Ngaji

Abstract

Mangrove ecosystem is a group of plant species that grow along the tropical coastline until subtropical and also a natural resource that must be maintained, so that it can support the development and can be utilized optimally with sustainable management. This research was conducted in mangrove forest on the coast of Tanah Merah, which aims to determine the condition of mangrove forest habitat. Data were analyzed by multiple linear regression to determine the effect of habitat quality on high growth of mangrove plant. The research location is 30 ha with horizontal length of 1500 meters and vertical 200 meters. Determination of plot sampling were systematically done. The measuring plot is made from the ground to the sea vertically with a size of 5m x 5m. Number of plots were 45. The results showed that the type of mangrove forest in Tanah Merah coastal area is Sonneratia casoelaris, Avecenia alba, Avacenia marina and Avecennia lanata. Habitat conditions such as mud thickness, texture, temperature, total N, P, K, organic matter, water pH, slope,length of inundation, salinity and DO affect the growth of mangroves on the coast of Tanah Merah.

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