TRENDS AND CHALLENGES OF MANGROVE RESTORATION MANAGEMENT - A LESSONS FROM LABUHAN VILLAGE, INDONESIARudianto, Nia Nurdiana and Andik Isdianto
Mangroves are forest ecosystems that consist of groups of trees that live in intertidal regions and grow along tropical coastlines and subtropics. Mangroves live in conditions of high salinity, extreme waves, high winds, high temperatures and muddy anaerobic soils. Mangrove forest in Labuhan village is damaged, because it has a density value between 700-1000 trees/Ha and a critical level with a total scoring value of 240. Study of restoration in damaged mangrove areas in Labuhan shows that the growth rate of mangrove improvement is not as expected. This means that there are factors that influence the acceleration of mangrove restoration growth. The purpose of this study was to examine the trends and challenges of doing restoration in Labuhan village, as well as looking for the best alternative strategies for mangrove restoration in this area. The research method uses Partial Least Square (PLS) and Analytical Hierarchy process (AHP). PLS is used as a model to find out the trend of restoration management including the challenges that will be faced. AHP is used to choose an appropriate restoration strategy. The results showed that mangrove forest management with restoration must pay attention to the factors that influence the tendency of successful restoration management in the area of mangrove forests, namely considering the tendency of coastal settlement expansion, including efforts to reduce the suffering of coastal communities trapped in poverty. While the challenge factor that needs to be considered is the increasing population growth in the coastal area and the application of strict government policies against any violation of forest destruction.
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