EXPLANATION OF THE SPATIAL PATTERN OF TOURISM CAPABILITIES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP (CASE STUDY: VILLAGES OF RASHT, GUILAN PROVINCE)Masoume Bloki Asli, Mohammadali. Ahmadian and Hamid. Jafari
By deciding on a spatial form (spatial environment), entrepreneurs create mobility in space and cause changes over time. Spatial form and decision-making mutually influence each other, which leads to a spatial process. Because of mobility in production, distribution, and services, tourism, as the most important source of the spatial process of entrepreneurship, plays a major role in the emergence of the development of the area and the continuity of role transformation. One of the most important features of tourism in the postmodern era is deconstruction. This means that money and tourist move from the center to the periphery and, in other words, there is a continuous flow of capital and human from the center to the periphery. Any other economic field (agriculture, industry, service, etc.) is not able to move such a great number of humans from the main centers of settlement and large cities to remote mountainous, desert, coastal, and rural areas and also marginalized countries. The present research aimed to study the effect of tourism on entrepreneurship development in villages of Rasht, Guilan Province with regard to the hypothesis of the effect of the economic capacity of tourism on the development of entrepreneurship in rural areas. The present research was an applied descriptive-analytical study. The required data were collected using library studies and field survey (questionnaire) and then they were statistically analyzed in SPSS and LISREL software applications. The results showed that political, economic, spatial, cultural, and social capabilities of tourism have positive impacts on the entrepreneurship development in rural areas of Rasht.
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