ADAPTIVE SUNFLOWER CULTIVATION TECHNOLOGIES IN WEST KAZAKHSTANBeybit Nasiyev and Ainash Yessenguzhina
Sunflower is the main oil-bearing-crop in many countries, including Kazakhstan. Its share takes up to 75% of the crop acreage, up to 85% of the gross seed collection, and 92% of the vegetable oil production. In the contemporary marketâs conditions, for farms of different forms of ownership, the most effective way to increase the sunflower yield is to develop adaptive sunflower cultivation technologies considering the soil and climate features of the cultivation area. Sunflower cultivation is possible in the climate conditions of West Kazakhstan, characterized by high heat supply and long growing season. Recently, sunflower planting has been exceeding 45 thousand ha in West Kazakhstan. However, the oil-bearing-crop yield is still low (7.5-10.5 c/ha). Due to this, the development of adaptive sunflower cultivation technology is important for increasing productivity and expanding crop acreage. This research is aimed to study and evaluate adaptive sunflower cultivation technologies in West Kazakhstan to provide vegetable oil producers with high-quality raw materials. As a result of the research, data on sunflower productivity and its nutritional value in the cultivation for oilseed purposes in the conditions of the first zone of West Kazakhstan have been obtained.
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