Asian Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology & Environmental Sciences Paper

Vol 21, Issue 2, 2019; Page No.(298-303)

THE RELATION BETWEEN METEOROLOGICAL FACTORS AND POLLUTANTS CONCENTRATIONS IN MAKASSAR CITY OF SOUTH SULAWESI PROVINCE INDONESIA

Y. SATTAR, M. RASHID, M. RAMLI, B. SABARIAH AND C.M. HASFALINA

Abstract

Makassar is strategically situated between the southern and northern provinces of South Sulawesi. This happens to be one of the major reasons why rapid urbanization and industrialization growth within this area is unavoidable, thereby making Makassar a region of mixed commercial-residential industrial area. It is also faced with the problem of air pollution. However, the meteorological parameters, play an important role in determining the pollutants responsible for these pollution. This paper presents the relationship between meteorological factors and pollutants concentrations. The pollutants concentrations data used consists of SO2, CO, NO2, O3, Pb, TSP and PM10. They were obtained from measurements made by the Office of the Ministry of Environment Sulawesi, Maluku and Papua and Environment Board of the Province of South Sulawesi as well as Environment agency of Makassar City. Whereas, meteorological data like rainfall, relative humidity, temperature, wind speed and wind direction were obtained from the Office of Meteorological and geophysics area IV Makassar. Pearson's coefficient of correlation was applied to study the association between the Pollutants and meteorological variables. The correlation of the Pollutants (SO2, CO, NO2, O3, Pb, TSP, PM10) and meteorological parameters (Rainfall, relative humidity, temperature and wind speed) were found to be positive and negative correlations.

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