Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol 25, May Suppl. Issue, 2019; Page No.(131-135)

ROLE OF INTERCROPPING SYSTEM FOR SUSTAINABLE FARMINGDEVELOPMENT : AN GENERAL OVERVIEW

S. Krishnaprabu

Abstract

Agricultural sector as important economic activities in various communities requires coherent planning inorder to achieve development and confront with crises. Sustainable agriculture is more efficient in use ofresources such as soil and water, and is in balance with the environment conditions. Conventional farmingand monocropping systems In addition to depletion the natural resource, is caused environmental pollution.Intercropping can be defined as a multiple cropping system that two or more crops planted in a field duringa growing season. Intercropping is a ways to increase diversity in an agricultural ecosystem. Ecologicalbalance, more utilization of resources, increases the quantity and quality of products and reduction damageby pests, diseases and weeds will increases with use of intercropping systems. Row-intercropping, mixed intercropping,strip-intercropping and relay intercropping are most important types of intercropping. Cropyield increases with intercropping due to higher growth rate, reduction of weeds, pests and diseases andmore effective use of resources. Pest and disease damage in intercropping is less than pure cropping, due topest or pathogen attract by the second crop species, Also weeds will be control, when crops in intercroppingsystem have a complementary effect together. Soil fertility increases by using pl.

Enter your contact information below to receive full paper.
Your Name :
Email:
Phone:
City:
Cost of Full Paper: Rs.75 for Indian Nationals or $20 (USD) for international subscribers.
By clicking on Request Paper you Agree to pay the above mentioned cost per paper.