Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol 25, May Suppl. Issue, 2019; Page No.(61-66)

EFFICIENCY OF EXPERIMENTAL SCALE FLOATING RICE FARMINGIN FLOOD-PRONE AREAS

E.W. Riptanti, Mujiyo, H. Irianto and A. Qonita

Abstract

Farmlands inundated for several months by flood cannot be used for farming. Floating rice technology isone of the alternatives to maintain production on inundated farmlands. The present article seeks to examinethe efficiency of floating rice technology usage in flood-prone farmlands. The research was conducted byplot experiment, in which income and expense resulted during process were then analyzed so that theefficiency can be found out. The research shows that the average productivity of harvested dry rice grain(GKP) by using drums as buoyancy medium reaches 11.58 ton/ha, while by using bamboo reaches 12.60ton/ha. The production result is higher productivity than surrounding farmlands, amounting only to 7–9ton/ha. The result of efficiency analysis indicates that the values of efficiency in using drums and bamboosare 0.12 and 0.14, respectively. The efficiency value shows that income generated could not cover the expensespent, and therefore the technology is considered inefficient. Despite its inefficiency as it has been suggested,from the point of view of technology usage pioneering, the technology had been successfully applied, sinceit had had high productivity. Efforts in optimizing efficiency includes reducing materials and buoyancymedium costs by using much cheaper potential materials found in the farmers’ surroundings.

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